Bulging or herniated discs are common physical conditions leading to severe pain and discomfort. These conditions occur when a spinal disc’s soft, gel-like center pushes through a weak or damaged outer layer of the disc, putting pressure on nearby nerves.
What is the difference between a bulging disc and a herniated disc?
While bulging and herniated discs may be used interchangeably, they are two different conditions. A bulging disc occurs when the disc’s outer layer protrudes outward but remains intact, while a herniated disc occurs when the disc’s inner material leaks out through a tear in the outer layer. Bulging and herniated discs can occur at any level of the spine, but they are most common in the lower back (lumbar spine) and neck (cervical spine). They can be caused by a variety of factors, including:
- Age-related wear
- Repetitive motions
- Poor posture