Testosterone therapy for men is a medical treatment that involves increasing the testosterone levels in the body. Testosterone is a hormone that is primarily produced in the testicles and is responsible for the development of male sexual characteristics, such as muscle mass, body hair, and a deep voice.
What causes testosterone to decline in men?
Men can begin to suffer the symptoms of low testosterone as early as their late 20s, but more commonly later in life. The decline in this critical hormone can come about due to the following:
- Aging: Testosterone levels naturally decline with age, typically starting in a man’s late 20s or early 30s.
- Medical conditions: Certain medical conditions, such as obesity, type 2 diabetes, and chronic kidney disease, can cause testosterone decline.
- Medications: Some medications, such as opioids, glucocorticoids, and chemotherapy drugs, can lower testosterone levels.
- Testicular injury or disease: Injury to the testicles or specific conditions, such as mumps or cancer, can damage the testicles and lead to lower testosterone levels.
- Hormonal disorders: Certain hormonal disorders, such as pituitary gland tumors or hypogonadism, can affect testosterone production.
- Lifestyle factors: Poor diet, lack of exercise, and chronic stress can also contribute to lower testosterone levels.